Author: Bruce Kuo-Hui Chung
Industrial parks have played a paradoxical role in Taiwan ‘s economic development and environmental pollution. The science parks have resumed as the most important components to solve economic problems within industrial park families. People even treated science parks as the symbol of low pollution in early days. Is it possible to solve these problems and paradoxs by science parks? In recent years, some advanced industrial countries have developed a concept, the eco-industrial park (EIP), to solve these problems. It’s a concept which tries to reduce the environmental impacts and to form eco-industrial systems with optimum material, energy and information flows to get a better collective benefit, by collaborating between companies, developers, managers and related stakeholders.
In terms of the EIP concept, environmental planning paradigm of the new generation, this research exams the problems of HSIP’s industrial environment. It is meaningful and can be references to the sustainable industrial resource planning, management and the future execution and research of the EIP in Taiwan.
The major approaches to this thesis started from the review of existing articles and case studies, followed by discussions of potential areas and basic models. From production and employment figures of recent years, companies of integrated circuit industries were selected as “anchor tenants” from six major industries in the Hsinchu Science-based Industrial Park (HSIP). These here were followed by interviews to HSIP IC plants and related experts to construct corresponding spatial analysis, in order to develop the patterns of material flow, energy flow, and information flow (3F) analysis.
The research suggests that in HSIP the leading production plants are also the anchor tenants which control the 3-F symbiosis patterns. Small scale plants are highly dependent on the anchor tenants. The geopgraphical distribution of material flows is regional, limited by the location and capacity of existing treatment facilities; the energy flow is simple bounded with electric regulations; there is an informal environmental information network. The information flow is the most potential characteristics among 3-Flows. In sum, HSIP can be categorized as information symbiotic eco-industrial park.
Keywords:Industrial Ecology(IE)；Eco-Industrial Park(EIP)；Hsinchu Science-based Industrial Park(HSIP)；Intergrated Circuit(IC) Industries；Anchor Tenants；3-Flows(3F) Analysis