A Study on the Eco-Industrial Park Concept Application in HSIP

The first thesis on topic of eco-industrial park in Taiwan

——————————————————————————-
A Study on the Eco-Industrial Park Concept Application in HSIP
-In the case of IC Industries
——————————————————————————-

Author: Bruce Kuo-Hui Chung (brucechung@eco-industrial.net)

Master thesis, Department of Urban Planning, National Cheng Kung University, TAIWAN

——————————————————————————-

ABSTRACT

Industrial parks have played a paradoxical role in Taiwan ‘s economic development and environmental pollution. The science parks have resumed as the most important components to solve economic problems within industrial park families. People even treated science parks as the symbol of low pollution in early days. Is it possible to solve these problems and paradoxes by science parks? In recent years, some advanced industrial countries have developed a concept, the eco-industrial park (EIP), to solve these problems. It’s a concept which tries to reduce the environmental impacts and to form eco-industrial systems with optimum material, energy and information flows to get a better collective benefit, by collaborating between companies, developers, managers and related stakeholders.

In terms of the EIP concept, environmental planning paradigm of the new generation, this research exams the problems of HSIP’s industrial environment. It is meaningful and can be references to the sustainable industrial resource planning, management and the future execution and research of the EIP in Taiwan.

The major approaches to this thesis started from the review of existing articles and case studies, followed by discussions of potential areas and basic models. From production and employment figures of recent years, companies of integrated circuit industries were selected as “anchor tenants” from six major industries in the Hsinchu Science-based Industrial Park (HSIP). These here were followed by interviews to HSIP IC plants and related experts to construct corresponding spatial analysis, in order to develop the patterns of material flow, energy flow, and information flow (3F) analysis.

The research suggests that in HSIP the leading production plants are also the anchor tenants which control the 3-F symbiosis patterns. Small scale plants are highly dependent on the anchor tenants. The geographical distribution of material flows is regional, limited by the location and capacity of existing treatment facilities; the energy flow is simple bounded with electric regulations; there is an informal environmental information network. The information flow is the most potential characteristics among 3-Flows. In sum, HSIP can be categorized as information symbiotic eco-industrial park.

Keywords: Industrial Ecology(IE);Eco-Industrial Park(EIP);Hsinchu Science-based Industrial Park(HSIP);Integrated Circuit(IC) Industries;Anchor Tenants;3-Flows(3F) Analysis

台灣第一本有關生態工業園區的學位論文

———————————————————————–

生態工業園區概念在竹科之應用研究-以積體電路產業為例

———————————————————————-

鍾國輝 Jan. 2002

———————————————————————-

摘要

———————————————————————-

工業區在台灣經濟發展與環境衝擊間的角色吊詭。其中科學園區被視為解決經濟發展問題的重要工業園區類型,早期甚至等於低污染象徵。但是科學園區可以解決這些經濟問題與吊詭嗎?歐美這十年來發展出「生態工業園區」概念,希望藉廠商、開發管理者及相關部門合作,減輕環境衝擊,使整體生產系統形成最佳物質、能量與資訊流,獲致更佳集體利益的機制。本研究即以此新世代環境規劃範型的生態工業園區概念,檢視竹科相關產業環境發展癥結,除具備產業資源永續利用意義,並可作為相關工業園區規劃、經營及後續推動生態工業園區參考。

主要研究內容與方法乃透過文獻與案例分析,歸納出基本模式,在全盤了解潛在實證基礎後,於竹科篩選出積體電路產業的廠商為「錨定廠商」,配合廠商與專家深度訪談,加上物質流、能量流、資訊流(3F)與空間之對應分析,提出應用生態工業園區概念在竹科之分析模式建議。

研究發現竹科的生產領導廠商亦是生態工業園區概念的「錨定廠商」,並主導著竹科3F共生模式。小規模工廠高度依賴錨定廠商。物質流的地理空間對應分布,受限於國內既有環境處理設施區位與容量,呈區域型分布;能量流網絡囿於電業法規與開發年期而甚為單純。綜合歸納分析竹科屬於物質與能量流程度低,資訊流程度高的IV(H)型—資訊共生型生態工業園區模式,亦即應用生態工業園區概念於竹科最具潛力的優勢在於互動頻繁的非正式環境資訊流網絡。

關鍵字:產業生態學、生態工業園區、竹科、積體電路產業、錨定廠商、3F分析模式

Related posts

Leave a Comment